Health

Why is More Research Required for Curing Diabetes?

In various statistics and research work, experts revealed that over 415 million individuals worldwide live with diabetes. Moreover, around 45% of people are still left undiagnosed, and total number of people affected is expected to rise with time unless a proper cure to eliminate this medical condition is invented.

To contain this disease and eradicate is crucial for bringing down the death rate in the world. Through various advancement in the pharmaceutical industry, professionals have saved many lives. Hence, to protect people further, finding a cure for this is essential as it is the 7th leading cause of people dying worldwide.

Let’s take a look in detail as to why research experts are working dedicatedly to find a cure!

Importance of diabetes research

This is a standard condition which affects numerous people of different age groups worldwide. If an individual is diagnosed with diabetes, he/she faces substantial health issues because it works as a catalyst for various other health troubles. Obese people are susceptible to develop diabetes. This medical problem kills more humans each year than AIDS and breast cancer combined.

Complications vary, but prevailing conditions include blindness, amputations, kidney disease, obesity, cardiovascular disease, hypoglycemia, hypertension, stroke or heart attack, and dyslipidemia.

Class of diabetes

There are two primary types:

  • Type 1

Many refer to this as early-onset, insulin-dependent, or juvenile diabetes as in this case people don’t produce insulin. One usually develops this before he/she turns forty. Often one usually has this in teenage or early adulthood.

This is not as usual as type 2, and just 10 per cent of diabetes cases belong to this category. Patient with suffering from this condition requires injecting insulin for their lifetime. Also, they need a regular blood test, keep up the level of blood glucose in the body and follow a proper diet.

Research is crucial so that people can live a healthy life with having to intake insulin and other medications throughout one’s life.

  • Type 2

This results due to ineffective insulin use. It is the standard diabetes type which around 90% of the diabetic people suffer from. Numerous researches which conducted in modern times is associated with this category of diabetes.

Expenditure of people treating this disease

People throughout the planet spend billions of dollars due to its widespread nature. In the USA alone, people spent around 250 billion in 2012.

More young people are getting diabetes nowadays. According to American Diabetes Association said that by 2050 the number would increase by 49% among youths. Hence, adequate research is essential in finding a remarkable cure so that people worldwide don’t have to spend vast amounts on medication.

Clinical trials’ importance

Clinical trials assist researchers in testing various diabetes medicines before opting for FDA’s approval to release it to the masses. Such trials help in comparing patients’ blood-glucose levels, monitoring organ functionality, track metabolism, etc. Data from these tests help in creating unique medications that increase diabetes treatment’s effectiveness.

Hence, it is essential to carry on the research to develop advanced medications for fighting against this deadly medical problem. The more research experts perform, the better than chances of finding a cure and save the masses.R

What are the 6 Deadly Diseases that are Entirely Curable Now?

With such advancement in the medical field, cures for numerous diseases which were life-threatening are now available for every individual around the world. Throughout the last decades, the death rate due to diseases has lowered significantly. Some of the deadly diseases whose cure was found in the previous few decades are:

  • Smallpox
  • Chickenpox
  • Measles
  • Polio
  • Rabies
  • Shingles

Have a look at these in detail!

  1. Smallpox disease

WHO declared smallpox dead in 1980. Though its vaccine was introduced in 1796, it was not easy to get this vaccine out. Storing it was difficult, especailly in hot climate nations or states. After 150 years of making this vaccine perfect, it was spread systematically for eradicating smallpox. The serum was built using the principle which shows contracting small pox’s mild form prevents an individual from contracting it ever again. With this Edward Jenner developed a serum extracted from a cow suffering from cowpox. This negated the requirement for infecting people with strains of dangerous smallpox.

  1. Chickenpox

Varicella-zoster is a virus which causes chicken pox. People mostly experience this when they are young. Red blisters cover the whole body and having it once offers lifetime immunity. Most people experience this as a mild condition; it has a complication rate of 5-10 per cent that means it can be much severe than standard cases.

In Australia, annually over 240,000 chicken pox cases occur and more than 1000 suffer from severe conditions. This is why Varivax, a vaccine which counters this, eradicates any chance of having chicken pox. Also, it decreases the risk of having shingles.

  1. Measles

Four million individuals had measles in 1963. Among them, 3000 people succumbed to it and passed away. Doctors created the first vaccine a year after this incident. A person with this virus will have symptoms like pink eye, fever, a rash that spreads from face to other body parts and pneumonia occasionally. Measles’ weak form never grows into the life-threatening disease, and when introduced in a person’s body it provides lifetime immunity.

  1. Polio

Symptomatic polio has various characteristics such a muscle paralysis, death, etc. Dr Jonas Salk in 1955 invented a cure for Poliovirus or poliomyelitis. Doctors have to inject an individual with Polio’s deadly strain which immunises patient from this disease. In most countries, Polio is not a threat anymore. 

  • Rabies

In 2007, CDC (Center for Disease Control) declared that with proper vaccination rabies was eradicated from USA’s dog population. This disease infects canines’ nervous system, and humans can catch it from them. However, applying this vaccination within fourteen days after exposure, this anti-rabies dose will completely cure anyone.

  • Shingles

Varicella zoster is also responsible for shingles which is a skin rash. People also know it as herpes zoster. Older people are prone to this as they have a weak immune system.  However, even though it comes from strains which cause chicken pox, it is not so contagious. The anti-viral drug is enough to cure a person. However, in 2005, shingles’ vaccine came into existence. It not only cured this medical condition but also prevented it from happening. 

These are just some of the diseases for which cure is available. All people need is to get shots at a correct time to eliminate the chance of such illnesses ever occurring.